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Isotonic and energy drinks cause irreversible damage to teeth.
The excessive consumption of isotonic and energy drinks, especially among adolescents, is causing irreversible damage to the teeth. The high levels of acidity in these drinks erode tooth enamel, the shiny outer layer of the tooth.
In an investigation, published in the journal General Dentistry, the acidity levels of 13 isotonic drinks and 9 energy drinks were examined. Acidity levels vary between drink brands, and between flavors of the same brand.
To test the effect of acidity levels, the researchers soaked human tooth enamel samples in each of the drinks for 15 minutes, followed by soaking in artificial saliva for two hours. This cycle was repeated four times a day for five days.
This type of test simulates the same exposure that many teens and young adults regularly put their teeth into when they drink one of these drinks every few hours.
They found that enamel damage became apparent after just five days of exposure to these types of beverages. They also found that energy drinks caused twice as much damage to teeth as sports drinks.
Damage to tooth enamel is irreversible, and without enamel protection, teeth become very sensitive, and more prone to cavities.
Therefore, it is advisable to minimize the consumption of isotonic and energy drinks, and chew sugar-free gum or rinse your mouth with water after consuming these types of drinks. This increases the flow of saliva, which helps to restore normal acidity levels in the mouth.