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Fidel Castro, a controversial character in a violent History

Fidel Castro, a controversial character in a violent History


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On November 25, 2020, Fidel Castro, a very controversial character who is part of the violent history of the 20th century, died.

Millions of people mourn the death of a liberator and millions of people celebrate the disappearance of a dictator. This is the main characteristic that defines Fidel Castro: a controversial character who no one has left indifferent.

Writing about Fidel Castro in a neutral way is an almost impossible task, since the neutrality itself could upset both his followers and his detractors. But we are going to be neutral because our principles oblige us to defend conciliation over any kind of confrontation.

And for this we are not going to focus on his personality, his actions or his endless speeches, but rather on the war history of the world during the 20th century. We hope not to offend anyone and contribute our grain of sand to build a better world.

Who is Fidel Castro?

Wikipedia defines it as Cuban military, revolutionary, statesman and politician.

Fidel Alejandro Castro Ruz was born in Cuba in 1926. He began his public life as an opposition politician and stood out after the assault on the Moncada barracks in 1953. After being sentenced to prison and later pardoned, he led the Cuban revolution that triumphed on January 1, 1959, overthrowing the dictatorship of Fulgencio Batista.

Since then, he led the government of Cuba until July 31, 2006, date on which he delegated the position to his brother Raúl Castro due to his health problems.

Then, and from a simple X-ray of the evolution of the world in the last 100 years, we are going to analyze the relevance of Fidel in history.

World wars

The first half of the 20th century was marked by two large-scale war conflicts between different nations and on different continents.

In the World War I (1914-1918), also known as the "Great War", the Triple Entente (France, the United Kingdom and Russia, which joined Serbia, Belgium, Italy, Japan and the United States) faced the Triple Alliance (Germany, Austria and Hungary, joined by the Ottoman Empire and Bulgaria).

In the World War II (1939-1945) the Allies (mainly the United Kingdom, the United States, the Soviet Union and China) faced the Axis Powers (Germany, Italy and Japan).

In summary, two warlike macro-conflicts between different countries with catastrophic human and social consequences on the 5 continents of the planet (mainly in Europe) that gave rise to two different social models: capitalism and communism.

Cold War

The Cold War (1945-1991) was a political, economic, social, military, informational and sports confrontation that began at the end of World War II between the so-called Western-Capitalist bloc, led by the United States, and the bloc Oriental-Communist, led by the Soviet Union.

Following the information contained in Wikipedia:

The reasons for this confrontation were essentially ideological and political.

Eventually the Soviet Union financed and supported revolutions and socialist governments, while the United States gave open support and propagated destabilizations and coups, especially in Latin AmericaIn both cases, human rights were seriously violated.

Although these confrontations did not come to unleash a world war, the entity and severity of the economic, political and ideological conflicts, which were committed, significantly marked a large part of the history of the second half of the 20th century.

The two superpowers wanted to implement their model of government throughout the planet. Neither bloc ever took direct action against the other, which is why the conflict was called the Cold War“.

That is to say, while in the first 50 years of the 20th century there were warlike conflicts between different nations, the following 50 were even more dramatic because, in an absurd ideological (and economic) struggle of two superpowers, Warlike conflicts were fostered within the countries themselves, between neighbors and families, mainly in Latin America, but also in Africa and Asia.

War conflicts in Latin America

The Cuban Revolution It was one of the first internal conflicts, but despite being a small island country in the Caribbean of barely 11 million inhabitants, it acquired a special role for several reasons:

1.- Because its success was a revolutionary reference for decades throughout the continents

2.- Due to its geographical proximity to the United States

3.- For the participation of emblematic personalities such as Fidel Castro and Ernesto Che Guevara

Events that occurred in Cuba such as the unsuccessful invasion of Bay of Pigs (1961) or the Missile Crisis (1962) are clear examples of the tension reached and how close we came to a Nuclear War.

Throughout the 1960s, 1970s, and 1980s, several left-wing governments were overthrown by repressive military forces (Granada and Chile) and other countries fell under extreme right dictatorships financed by the United States (Paraguay, Chile, Argentina), while different leftist groups conformed insurgent guerrillas that operated clandestinely.

These wars were devastating, both due to the atrocities committed by right-wing regimes that carried out purges of dissidents, political kidnappings, disappearances, torture, rapes and extrajudicial executions, as well as the large number of terrorist attacks, massive rapes of women and kidnappings of women. revolutionary guerrillas.

Too much pain for countries with ancient cultures, unique landscapes and abundant natural resources.

Reflection

It is very sad to contemplate how, often, humans are unable to understand and live peacefully with those people who think differently.

History is a continuous succession of armed conflicts that are part of the evolution of society, but no war, guerrilla or repression has any justification.

Although it left deep and numerous wounds, fortunately the twentieth century is over and now we must trust that current politicians help heal those wounds and are not as vain and warlike as their predecessors. We also have examples like Gandhi and Mandela, politicians who changed history without promoting hatred and violence.

All of us are responsible for the past and we have an obligation to build a better world.

Fidel Castro: the beginning and the end

Fidel Castro remained in power for 47 years and there are huge differences between his conduct and his politics until the fall of the Berlin Wall (perestroika) and the last years of his rule, adopting much more conciliatory behaviors.

Fidel Castro represented the beginning of the Revolution and of numerous warlike conflicts. Perhaps his death also represents the end of this stage and help heal the wounds of so many years of fighting.

Fidel Castro is part of our History. A History too violent, but whose end has not yet been written.

Sources: Wikipedia, Havana times (image), Escambray (image)

Related Reading:

  • 13 phrases for the history of Fidel Castro
  • Leadership Lessons from Fidel Castro


Video: Cuban Revolution Fidel Castro Raul Castro Che Guevara (July 2022).


Comments:

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